【關於奧運,你知道嗎?】那些年,被時間遺忘的奧運廢棄場館

·Sports Editor
·4 分鐘 (閱讀時間)

各國為了舉辦奧運可能需花費數十億美元

為了舉辦奧運,需要建造新的體育場館、為選手建造選手村,還可能需要為觀眾提供新的基礎設施。

然而當奧運盛事結束後,場館往往會因為不敷使用而被遺棄,徒留一片廢墟,歷史上幾座最具標誌性的奧運場館現在看起來就像貧瘠的荒地。

從 1984 年塞拉耶佛奧運到 2016 年的里約奧運,一起來看看這些被時間所遺忘的廢棄場館驚人照片吧。

1984 年塞拉耶佛奧運

1984 年,波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納的塞拉耶佛主辦了冬季奧運。

但不到 10 年後,大多數奧運場館在 1992 年至 1995 年的波士尼亞戰爭中遭毀,滑雪跳台、選手村,和某些旅館都成了廢墟,並從此不曾重建。

根據報導,其中一座指揮台成了處決波士尼亞穆斯林的地方,而一家旅館後來成了監獄。

*** EXCLUSIVE ***
SARAJEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - APRIL 2017: Top of ski slope in, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, April 2017.

SEEMINGLY forgotten by time, these powerful images show all thats left of Sarajevo's 1984 Winter Olympic venue. Once regarded as a great achievement for the small European city, in time it would be the setting for one of the bloodiest civil wars in the 20th century. The 1984 Winter Olympics was the first ever winter olympics hosted by a communist state and was seen at the time as a major coup for socialist Yugoslavia. Photographer Ioanna Sakellaraki, 27, visited the now abandoned venue in April 2017

PHOTOGRAPH BY Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Images

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這些震撼人心的圖片展示了 1984 年塞拉耶佛冬季奧運場館隨著時間遭人遺忘的殘跡。(照片由蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 的 Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Im / Barcroft Media 提供)
*** EXCLUSIVE ***
SARAJEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - APRIL 2017: Bobsled track in, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, April 2017. 

SEEMINGLY forgotten by time, these powerful images show all thats left of Sarajevo's 1984 Winter Olympic venue. Once regarded as a great achievement for the small European city, in time it would be the setting for one of the bloodiest civil wars in the 20th century. The 1984 Winter Olympics was the first ever winter olympics hosted by a communist state and was seen at the time as a major coup for socialist Yugoslavia. Photographer Ioanna Sakellaraki, 27, visited the now abandoned venue in April 2017

PHOTOGRAPH BY Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Images

London-T:+44 207 033 1031 E:hello@barcroftmedia.com -
New York-T:+1 212 796 2458 E:hello@barcroftusa.com -
New Delhi-T:+91 11 4053 2429 E:hello@barcroftindia.com www.barcroftmedia.com (Photo credit should read Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Im / Barcroft Media via Getty Images)
這項曾經被視為這座歐洲小城市的偉大成就,後來卻成為 20 世紀最血腥的一場內戰的發生地。(照片由蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 的 Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Im / Barcroft Media 提供)
*** EXCLUSIVE ***
SARAJEVO, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA - APRIL 2017: Ski slopes in abandoned Olympic site 
in, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, April 2017. 

SEEMINGLY forgotten by time, these powerful images show all thats left of Sarajevo's 1984 Winter Olympic venue. Once regarded as a great achievement for the small European city, in time it would be the setting for one of the bloodiest civil wars in the 20th century. The 1984 Winter Olympics was the first ever winter olympics hosted by a communist state and was seen at the time as a major coup for socialist Yugoslavia. Photographer Ioanna Sakellaraki, 27, visited the now abandoned venue in April 2017

PHOTOGRAPH BY Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Images

London-T:+44 207 033 1031 E:hello@barcroftmedia.com -
New York-T:+1 212 796 2458 E:hello@barcroftusa.com -
New Delhi-T:+91 11 4053 2429 E:hello@barcroftindia.com www.barcroftmedia.com (Photo credit should read Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Im / Barcroft Media via Getty Images)
1984 年冬季奧運是第一次由共產主義國家所舉辦的冬奧。(照片由蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 的 Ioanna Sakellaraki / Barcroft Im / Barcroft Media 提供)

2004 年雅典奧運

根據報導,希臘為舉辦 2004 年奧運 (距 1896 年首次舉辦現代奧運已過 108 年),花費了 119 億美元。

但是,該國經歷重大的經濟危機,當時許多場館遭到棄置作廢,官方的奧運村現在到處都是塗鴉,完全遭毀,也沒有資金可以投入重建。

ATHENS, GREECE - JULY 31: General view of the former Olympic Village in Athens, Greece on July 31, 2014. Ten years ago the XXVIII Olympiad was held in Athens from the 13th - 29th August with the motto
希臘雅典前奧運村全貌概觀。(照片由 Milos Bicanski / 蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)
ATHENS, GREECE - JULY 31: General view of a swimming pool in the former Olympic Village in Athens, Greece on July 31, 2014. Ten years ago the XXVIII Olympiad was held in Athens from the 13th - 29th August with the motto
舉辦雅典奧運的花費估計約為 90 億歐元。(照片由 Milos Bicanski / 蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)
ATHENS, GREECE - JULY 31: General view of the Beach Volleyball Olympic Stadium at Faliro Olympic Complex in Athens, Greece on July 31, 2014. Ten years ago the XXVIII Olympiad was held in Athens from the 13th - 29th August with the motto
由於希臘在奧運後的經濟衰弱,沒有進一步的投資,因此大多數新建的體育場館後來都遭到遺棄。(照片由 Milos Bicanski / 蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)

2008 年北京奧運

根據報導,北京奧運會斥資超過 470 億美元,但 13 年後的現在,已很難看出當初的浩大榮景。

一座廢棄的沙灘排球場,現在沙上都長滿了雜草,整體已破舊不堪。

一些奧運官方吉祥物後來被人發現棄置在一座廢棄的、從未完工的商場後方樹叢中。

在奧運籌備過程的建築潮中,無數的古宅亦遭到推平。

TOPSHOT - This photo taken on July 20, 2018 shows Nini (L) and Yingying, two of the five mascots for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, lying among trees behind an abandoned, never-completed mall in Beijing. - A decade after Beijing hosted the 2008 Olympics, its legacy remains unmistakable from the smallest alleyways in the Chinese capital to the country's growing clout abroad. For better or worse, the Games changed the face of Beijing: from the iconic Bird's Nest stadium to the countless blocks of ancient homes bulldozed in an Olympic building frenzy. (Photo by GREG BAKER / AFP) / TO GO WITH China-politics-Olympics-anniversary,FOCUS by Ben Dooley        (Photo credit should read GREG BAKER/AFP via Getty Images)
北京奧運五個吉祥物中的妮妮 (左) 和迎迎,被發現躺在一座廢棄的,未完工的商場後方樹叢之中。(照片由 GREG BAKER / AFP 經蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)
This photo taken on July 23, 2018 shows grass growing in the Beach Volleyball stadium built for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, in Beijing. - A decade after Beijing hosted the 2008 Olympics, its legacy remains unmistakable from the smallest alleyways in the Chinese capital to the country's growing clout abroad. For better or worse, the Games changed the face of Beijing: from the iconic Bird's Nest stadium to the countless blocks of ancient homes bulldozed in an Olympic building frenzy. (Photo by GREG BAKER / AFP) / TO GO WITH China-politics-Olympics-anniversary,FOCUS by Ben Dooley        (Photo credit should read GREG BAKER/AFP via Getty Images)
為 2008 年北京奧運而建的沙灘排球場上現已長滿了雜草。(照片由 GREG BAKER / AFP 經蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)
This photo taken on July 23, 2018 shows rotting wood on a stand in the beach volleyball stadium built for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, in Beijing. - A decade after Beijing hosted the 2008 Olympics, its legacy remains unmistakable from the smallest alleyways in the Chinese capital to the country's growing clout abroad. For better or worse, the Games changed the face of Beijing: from the iconic Bird's Nest stadium to the countless blocks of ancient homes bulldozed in an Olympic building frenzy. (Photo by GREG BAKER / AFP) / TO GO WITH China-politics-Olympics-anniversary,FOCUS by Ben Dooley        (Photo credit should read GREG BAKER/AFP via Getty Images)
這座沙灘排球場現已完全腐爛廢棄了。(照片由 GREG BAKER / AFP 經蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)

2016 年里約奧運

里約奧運的游泳館在拆除計畫落空後,現在看起來已完全荒廢。

里約熱內盧的奧運公園已完全遭到遺棄,除了經常有流浪狗出沒,再無生息。

為當地人在奧運後享受而建的籃球場、足球場和滑板公園,現在亦已完全遭棄。

出於安全考量,一名法官下令關閉奧運公園。

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - MAY 20: A view from the mostly abandoned Olympic Aquatics stadium at the Olympic Park on May 20, 2017 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the nine months after the Olympic games, very few events have been organised in the Olympic Park venues. The Olympic Aquatics stadium was to be dismantled, but it continues abandoned with no obvious signs of dismantlement. In addition, numerous areas of standing water can be found inside and outside the venue in the former official and training pools, making them dengue and zika risk areas. (Photo by Buda Mendes/Getty Images)
狗狗穿梭在廢棄的里約熱內盧奧運公園。 (照片由 Mario Tama / 蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - MAY 20: (EDITOR'S NOTE: Image was created as an Equirectangular Panorama. Import image into a panoramic player to create an interactive 360 degree view.) A view from the mostly abandoned Olympic Aquatics stadium at the Olympic Park on May 20, 2017 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the nine months after the Olympic games, very few events have been organised in the Olympic Park venues. The Olympic Aquatics stadium was to be dismantled, but it continues abandoned with no obvious signs of dismantlement. In addition, numerous areas of standing water can be found inside and outside the venue in the former official and training pools, making them dengue and zika risk areas. (Photo by Buda Mendes/Getty Images)
奧運游泳館原本計畫拆除,但後來持續處於廢棄狀態,而沒有明顯的拆除跡象。(照片由 Buda Mendes / 蓋帝圖像 (Getty Images) 提供)

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